How To Record In Logic Pro X
How To Record In Logic Pro X
Guest writer Dean Budget will introduce and explain how to record in Logic Pro X and take you through the whole process. Besides recording, Logic’s basic functions and the use of effects will also be discussed. If you are trying to record in Logic Pro X and find yourself stuck, this is the blog for you. This blog is written for A-Live Loops : "A-Quality Live Loops & Recording Services".
Basic functions overview
The first thing we’ll get into is the basic functions. We need to know what they are before getting into the recording part.
- You can create a new project by going to the ‘file’ tab and pressing new. From there a small menu opens and you can choose between a few different track kinds. You can easily add more tracks by using the ‘+’ button right above the tracks.
- On tracks that can be used for recording you have a ‘R’ and an ‘I’ button. R is for record, and I is for monitoring.
- Then there is a button on the far top left for the library. In the library you can search for sound presets and amp simulators for guitar and bass.
- Next to that is the inspector button and that window shows you information about individual tracks. Like routing, busses in use and more.
- The fader like button opens a window to the virtual sound board with all the tracks within.
- Next to that are the fast forward, backward, stop, pause, and record buttons, a little further ahead is where you’ll find the metronome.
- In the project display you can change bpm and time signature.
Now that is out of the way we can continue on how to record.
Recording a track
Create one or more tracks using the ‘+’ button. If you are going to use a soundcard/audio interface, make sure to select it as audio input device in the window that pops up. Depending on the source of what you want to record you need to select a different track kind. If you plug directly into your soundcard with a guitar or bass guitar you need to select its own track kind. When you are using a mic or line signal select audio. For MIDI and software instruments select their own kind as well. Select the input from the soundcard where the source is plugged into. You can also do this in the inspector window. Set the gain on your soundcard to the level that the signal comes in strong but will not reach 0dBu on the fader. With digital equipment clipping will occur as soon as you hit 0dBu.
When you’ve added a few tracks, you can search for presets in the library. Select the track and click on a preset. For (bass)guitarists Logic has a wide range of different amp simulators and even a virtual plug-in pedalboard. In my humble opinion the sound of a ‘real’ amplifier doesn’t beat its digital cousin, nevertheless the quality is surprisingly good. You can even choose between different mics and change the position in front of the amp speaker. you can also combine different cabs with different tops.
You can edit the presets content in the inspector window, EQ, and compressor for example.
When you found something that suits the job or maybe don’t want to use a preset at all, you can add a drummer track using the ‘+’ button. This can be helpful when you are recording solo and not with a band. Rhythm loops from the loop library on the far top right can also be used on a different audio track.
Press the ‘R’ button on all the tracks you want to simultaneously record on. Press the ‘I’ button when you want to hear the input through your headphones, for example. When you press the record button on the top or press R on your keyboard the recording will begin. Press space on your keyboard to stop recording. By pressing command + Z the recording will be erased.
If you want to use effects, you have two different methods. You can insert an effect by loading it into an individual track in the inspector window. Or route the track input to a bus and fill it with an effect of choice. The easiest way is to load it into the track itself, but a bus can be way more versatile. Nonetheless it can differ from situation from situation, sometimes you use a bus and sometimes you don’t. When you use an effect on a track the effect level goes equally down with the source. With the use of a bus that doesn’t occur unless you link the faders.
When you want to use an effect on the track, just click on the audio FX section. From there you can choose between a wild range of different subcategories of effects. You can use multiple when you want to. As you can see this is a very straight forward method.
To use an effect in a bus you must select sends in the inspector section. Select bus and choose one out of the list with busses. As you will see, there are hundreds of busses available. Then a buss track will appear in the inspector and in the console area. Now you can fill the bus with multiple effects in the same section called audio FX. You can do this in the inspector area, or in the console window. By turning the circle next to the bus tag in the inspector, you can add more of the track into the bus. The fun thing about busses is that you can assign as many tracks to one bus as you want. So multiple tracks can have the same effects on them because they are all in one bus. The downside on this method is that when you bring your audio track down and not the bus that it’s in, the effect in the bus will not have decreased.
So, if you want to link two faders together. You must select both tracks while using shift, then go to the tab called ‘mix’ and click on create group. Now you can also give your group a name. The faders you selected will now move together. Of course, you can delete your group when you don’t want to use it any longer. All you must do is select one of the grouped tracks and go to the group tab in the inspector, then click on the gear symbol and select delete. This is a solution to evenly increase as decrease tracks and their busses in one precise movement.
In this blog we have discussed the basic functions in Logic Pro X, how to record a track and two ways to use effects including how you use them. Hopefully you have learned how to start recording for your own projects. If you are a solo musician and are a loop library addict A-Live Loops offers different drum loop packs. Worth to check out!